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Ophthalmology of Exotic Pets

by David L. Williams
March 2012
williams_9781444330410_pb.indd

This quick reference handbook covers the diagnosis and treatment of eye disease in a range of exotic companion animal species, including rabbits, rodents, reptiles, birds, amphibians and fish. It clarifies when extrapolation from cat or dog eyes is appropriate, or when new information is needed to ensure that diagnoses and treatments are appropriate for the particular species. Writing in an accessible and down to earth style, the author brings a wealth of personal experience to this specialised subject area. The book contains many ophthalmic photographs of both anatomy in normal eyes and pathology in abnormal cases. It also includes a separate chapter on the common ophthalmic features of exotic pets, discussing what can be learnt from cross-species comparison and another chapter giving a brief history of comparative ophthalmology.

Ophthalmology of Exotic Pets is an invaluable aid for veterinary practitioners and students with an interest in exotic pet species, as well as for veterinary ophthalmologists.

  • Covers lagomorphs, rodents, reptiles, birds, amphibians and fish
  • Offers clear guidance for species-specific treatment
  • Facilitates extrapolations from the cat or dog to the exotic eye
  • Written in a concise quick reference format
  • Highly illustrated with colour photographs

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

  • Foreword viii
  • Acknowledgements x
  • Dedication xi
  • Chapter 1 Introduction 1
  • Reference 2
  • Chapter 2 A brief history of comparative ophthalmology 3
  • References 8
  • Chapter 3 Common features of exotic animal ophthalmology 9
  • Ocular examination 9
  • Ancillary tests 11
  • Ocular pharmacology 13
  • References 13
  • Chapter 4 The rabbit eye 15
  • Introduction 15
  • Anatomy and physiology of the rabbit eye 15
  • What do rabbits see? 18
  • Adnexal disease 21
  • Diseases of the orbit 36
  • Diseases of the cornea 39
  • Diseases of the lens 44
  • Diseases of the iris 46
  • Glaucoma 49
  • Retinal disease 52
  • References 52
  • Chapter 5 The guinea pig eye 56
  • Anatomy and physiology of the guinea pig eye 56
  • What do guinea pigs see? 56
  • Diseases of the guinea pig eye 57
  • References 72
  • Chapter 6 The ferret eye 73
  • Anatomy and physiology of the ferret eye 73
  • What do ferrets see? 73
  • Diseases of the ferret eye 75
  • References 84
  • Chapter 7 The rat and mouse eye 86
  • Anatomy of the eye 86
  • A note on ophthalmoscopy 87
  • What do rats and mice see? 88
  • Ophthalmic disease in rats and mice 89
  • References 106
  • Chapter 8 The eye of other mammalian exotic pet species 109
  • Introduction 109
  • Hamsters 109
  • Gerbils 110
  • Chinchillas 111
  • Degus 111
  • Hedgehogs 112
  • Primates 114
  • References 116
  • Chapter 9 The avian eye 119
  • Introduction 119
  • Anatomy and physiology of the avian eye 119
  • What do birds see? 127
  • Evaluating the avian eye 130
  • Orbital disease 131
  • Lid and adnexal disease 135
  • Corneal disease 143
  • Uveal disease 146
  • Lens disease 148
  • Retinal disease 151
  • Horner’s syndrome 152
  • Enucleation 153
  • References 155
  • Chapter 10 The reptile eye 159
  • Introduction 159
  • Anatomy and physiology of the reptilian eye 159
  • Biology of the reptilian spectacle 162
  • What do reptiles see? 164
  • Diseases of the reptile eye 167
  • References 193
  • Chapter 11 The amphibian eye 197
  • Anatomy and physiology of the amphibian eye 197
  • What do amphibians see? 199
  • Diseases of the amphibian eye 200
  • Enucleation 208
  • Conclusion 208
  • References 208
  • Chapter 12 The fish eye 211
  • Introduction 211
  • Anatomy and physiology of the fish eye 212
  • What do fish see? 214
  • Diseases of the aquarium fish eye 216
  • References 227
  • Conclusions 228
  • Index 231

Author Information

Author Information

David Williams is Associate Lecturer in Veterinary Ophthalmology in the Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow, Director of Studies and College Lecturer in veterinary medicine and pathology at St John’s College, Cambridge.

Reviews

Reviews

“However, Ophthalmology of Exotic Pets could certainly serve as an important and necessary resource for, and a valuable addition to the library of, primary care practitioners who frequently practice exotic animal medicine and surgery.” (Journal of The American Veterinary Medical Association, 15 December 2012)

“This book is an excellent text to have in any small animal, exotic or zoo clinic and is recommended for its ease of use and clinical application.” (The Veterinary Record, 15 September 2012)

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